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Breeding the Frenchie

Breeding the french bulldog aka frenchie frenchiestore

Breeding the Frenchie dog breed is not a simple task. There are a lot of variables involved when breeding Frenchie puppies, which are some of the most challenging dogs to breed. When someone asks why a Frenchie is so expensive they clearly do not understand what it is to be a French Bulldog breeder.

In this article we will discuss all the variables that comes with breeding French Bulldogs. We hope this article is a helpful guideline to future Frenchie owners and hobby breeders, as well as established French Bulldog breeders. We have interviewed a couple of our selective trusted breeders for some input as well.

What's better than a French Bulldog? Two French Bulldogs of course!

With a life expectancy of 10-12 years, the French bulldog is the fourth most popular dog in the United States according to Business Insider. This may come as a bit of a surprise, especially considering the difficult task of breeding French bulldogs.

Lovers of the breed are well aware of their worth and value. But those who know the dog well also understand the difficulties that come with breeding them.

French Bulldog Duo Reversible Health Harness by Frenchiestore

Prone to a lot of health concerns that you would not ordinarily experience with other dog breeds, it can be a tad challenging trying to breed a Frenchie. If you don’t know your way around this breed, you may end up wondering what you’ve got yourself into. It would definitely be a mistake to get started on the process of breeding French bulldogs without first understanding the breed needs and risks.

The Health Concerns of Breeding French Bulldogs

While a French bulldog is one of the cutest animals you can find, they are susceptible to breathing problems and many other medical defaults.

All about the French Bulldog Breed

Perhaps the primary health concern of French bulldogs is their pinched nostrils (known as stenotic nares). They are one of the brachycephalic breed.

stenotic nares in French Bulldogs, pugs and english bulldogsCambridge BOAS research group

This means that they are prone to difficult, obstructive breathing because of the shape of their head, muzzle and throat.

BOAS in French BulldogsCambridge BOAS research group

 A condition that causes breeding problems, hyperventilation and exhaustion known as BOAS.

Hip dysplasia, abnormal vertebrae and/or premature degeneration of intervertebral discs are also major health issues that trouble the breed. These health concerns are the reasons why breeders must continue to find ways of improving the health and well-being of French bulldogs. A responsible breeder will do all necessary genetic testing to ensure quality and healthy Frenchie puppies.

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What are the Breed Standards of a French Bulldog?

The American Kennel Club (AKC) has agreed on a general ‘standard’ for French bulldogs. Perhaps the most notable standard is that any alteration other than the removal of the dewclaws is considered mutilation.

As such, this will disqualify the breed from being named a French bulldog. Other standards, as you may find in the AKC guideline are that the height of a French bulldog is usually between 11-13 inches and that they must not weigh more than 28 pounds. Standard colors of the French Bulldogs are:

  • Brindle Frenchie
  • Brindle and White markings Frenchie
  • Cream Frenchie
  • Fawn Frenchie
  • Fawn and White markings Frenchie
  • Fawn Brindle Frenchie
  • White Frenchie
  • White and Brindle Frenchie
  • White & Fawn Frenchie

    What are the rare or fad colors in French Bulldog puppies?

    Rare colors of a coat in French Bulldogs are disqualified by the American Kennel Club French Bulldog Breed Standard.

    FAD colors in French Bulldog puppies include the following but not limited to:

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    • Blue coats in French Bulldogs - blue Frenchie , blue pied Frenchie, blue fawn Frenchie , blue brindle Frenchie etc.
    • Frenchies with tan points -  black and tan Frenchie, blue and tan Frenchie, lilac and tan Frenchie, chocolate and tan Frenchie etc.
    • Trindles - French Bulldogs which have brindle in their tan points.
    • All black French Bulldogs - with no trace of brindle is also quite rare.
    • Merle coat in French Bulldogs - merle Frenchie, fawn merle Frenchie, blue merle Frenchie etc
          Chocolate Frenchies - chocolate Frenchie , choco pied Frenchie, choco fawn Frenchie etc.
    Frenchie dog hoodies

    How do you Artificially  Inseminate a French bulldog?

    For the majority of dog breeds, natural mating is the most effective and cheapest way to produce a litter of puppies. This is not the scenario for French bulldogs. 

    French bulldogs have unusually small hips and an oversized head. This makes it quite difficult for the male to mount the female naturally.

    When it comes to breeding French bulldogs, artificial insemination is the safest and most effective way.

    Caesarean sections for Frenchies

    One of the reasons why French bulldogs are quite expensive is because of the cost involved in birthing one. For Frenchies a C-section is usually considered the safest option.

    Newborn Frenchie puppies

    Caesarean section or C-section will involve the use of surgery to deliver the puppies. This is often necessary when a vaginal delivery will be too unsafe for the dam or the puppy or both. The oversized heads of the puppies and narrow pelvis of the dam makes it difficult for the dog to give birth naturally.

    Frenchie dog hoodie | Frenchie Clothing | Banana Split

    What is the minimum mating age for French Bulldogs?

    Age of maturity differs from one dog breed to another. It has however been found that small breeds mature faster than large breeds.

    Male French bulldogs become fertile after about six months old. They can also reach full sexual maturity by 12 to 15 months. If your male Frenchie is healthy, he may even remain sexually active and fertile at old age. For your dam, their first heat season (estrus) comes after six months. In some situations though, this estrus has delayed for up to 18 months or even two years of age. The heat season of your dam should come at intervals of six months until old age.

    It is however considered controversial and against standard to breed your dam in her first season. This is because they aren’t fully grown at that young age and the pregnancy could come with increased risks to the dog and the puppies. According to the American Kennel Club Rules the registration of a litter out of a dam less than 8 months or more than 12 years of age is not ordinarily allowed.

    What is the Cycle of a French Bulldog Dam?

    Knowing the cycle of your female is necessary. This will help you track her reproductive periods. The cycle of a dam is divided into four:

    • Proestrus: Your dam is in her proestrus when she has a bloody vaginal discharge and her vulva becomes swollen. This is when she attracts males, not for breeding. This period lasts for about nine days.
    • Estrus: This follows the proestrus and also lasts for about nine days. During this time the female is fertile and will allow breeding. For breeding purposes, please note that ovulation will usually occur in the first 48 hours of this period.
    • Diestrus: Otherwise known as the “pregnancy” stage, this is the period when the reproductive tract is under the control of the hormone progesterone. It is a period of about 60 to 63 days. It will occur whether or not your dam becomes pregnant. If your female becomes pregnant during estrus, the diestrus stage will last until she whelps or gives birth. False pregnancy is however also possible during this period. In this situation, your Dam may show signs of being pregnant even though she is not.
    • Anestrus: This period lasts between three to four months. During this time, no sexual activity takes place.

    How Do You Know Your Dam Is Pregnant?

    After the Estrus, you have to look for signs of pregnancy in your dam. These signs include an increase in appetite, weight, or nipple size. This is however not that conclusive in itself.

    As mentioned earlier, your dam may show pregnancy signs and still not be pregnant.A Vet can make this confirmation for you by conductingan ultrasound or X-ray or by examining her abdominal palpitation at 28 days.

    Once you have confirmed that your dam is pregnant, you have to start talking to the Vet about the special attention required for breeding a French bulldog.

    This will include how to identify emergency situations that would require immediate medical attention.This should also include details about her labor and what to expect after she gives birth.

    How Long Does the Pregnancy of a French Bulldog Last?

    French bulldogs are like any other dog breed when it comes to pregnancy length. This period should last between 58 to 68 days. The average pregnancy period is usually 63 days from the day of conception. This is about two months altogether.

    A few days close to birthing, your dam may stop eating or have reduced appetite. Also, she may begin to build a “nest” where she plans to have her puppies.

    Approximately 24 hours after her temperature drops,she can be expected to enter the first stage of labor when the cervix dilates and opens the birth canal for the passage of puppies.

    At this time, she will pant, strain, and appear restless. A few moments to birth, her body temperature may drop to 99 degrees or lower. This stage is then followed by actual abdominal straining and birthing.

    As mentioned above natural birth is not recommended for French Bulldogs due to their breathing difficulties and small hips coupled with larger puppy heads.

    How Many Puppies Can You Look Forward To?

    Compared to other dogs that birth quite a sizable number of puppies, French bulldogs only birth a few.

    When breeding a French bulldog, the number of puppies you can expect in the litter will range from 3 to 5. There are some rare instances where French bulldogs have birthed as high as 7 puppies.

    French bulldogs are naturally small breeds. As such, a smaller number of litter mates would mean better conditions for the puppies inside the womb.

    If you’re not a certified and experience breeder, you should not be breeding French Bulldogs. The complications that may arise out of doing this will not only endanger the female, it may also create avoidable birth defects for the puppies.

    What is a pup back deal between French Bulldog breeders?

    A pup back deal is a puppy back to the Frenchie stud owner in exchange for the stud service. In most cases a puppy back is not ideal and can fall through for many reasons.

    What is a pup back deal between French Bulldog breeders?

    If you insist on doing this type of deal you should consider the following to protect yourself:

    • Always have a contract no matter who it is, even if it is a relative. make sure your contract will hold up in court. Wording is very important. It is advisable to have a lawyer draft a sample agreement for you that you can use for future deals.
    • Only make this deal with someone local that you really trust and have a relationship with. Open lines of communication is key. Always keep in mind that if the deal fall through for any reason it may sour the relationship so ask yourself if that deal is worth it to you. And finally know that not everyone is an honest person but on the same token not everyone is a dishonest person either.
    How do you know if two French Bulldog puppies are twins?

    How do you know if two French Bulldog puppies are twins?

    It is rare but it does happen. How do we determine whether or not two French Bulldogs are identical twins?

    When the mother Frenchie dog is giving birth, count the placentas. If two newborn Frenchie puppies share a placenta there is a good chance you have some identical twins on your hands.

    If you want to know for sure your puppies are identical twins you can confirm that with a blood test.

    We interviewed two of our trusted French Bulldog breeders. Here's what they had to say.

    Strawsers French Bulldogs

    Located in Mifflintown, PA. Strawsers French Bulldogs reside in a peaceful country setting on 8 acres. Their dogs are their pride and joy and all reside in their home as a part of the family.

    Strawsers French Bulldogs have been breeding for over 10 years. When you buy a puppy from them you become a part of their extended family.

    Most notably Strawsers French Bulldogs puppies have been featured nationwide in Kate Spade campaign last year.

    Kate spade french bulldog puppies frenchiestore Kate spade french bulldog puppies breeder

    Why did you choose to become a French Bulldog breeder ?

    I have always admired the breed! After breeding/showing larger breed dogs over the years I decided to commit to a smaller breed, and so happy I did!

    We dedicate a lot of our time to raising our Frenchies. We give them the constant care and attention they need to develop into a loving house pet.

    How do you ensure the health of your puppies ?

    We ensure their health by getting panel genetic testing done on the breeding dogs. This prevents us from breeding any negative inheritable traits into our puppies.

    What makes your breeding program different than others?

    We are a state licensed “kennel”, but I have no kennel setup up. All of my dogs are in our house as family members.

    What advice would you give the future puppy parents ?

    Connect with a breeder you feel comfortable with, ask questions, and build a good relationship. Breeders that truly care about their babies will stay in contact with you throughout your frenchies life.

    What should a potential French bulldog owner consider about the breed prior to getting a French Bulldog puppy?

    Frenchies are a  very comical breed, and what a lot of families would love to have. This breed is not for everyone one. Do your research before committing to this breed.

    Unfortunately, Frenchies can have a lot of health problems. Be capable of paying unforeseen vet bills, I highly suggest having insurance for your dog. Good breeders will do health testing on parents, but health issues can still come up.

    Why did you join the Frenchiestore family and why do you recommend us for future puppy owners?

    Frenchiestore has our hearts!!! I  seriously can’t say enough good things about Frenchiestore and the amazing quality products! I love the Health Harness with 2 spots for hooks. This makes it a perfect health conscious harness for Frenchies who want to pull, or have breathing issues.

    Blue Wonder Frenchies

    Located just outside of sunny West Palm Beach, Florida. Blue Wonder Frenchiesspecialize in AKC Registered structurally sound, healthy, French Bulldogs.

    A family breeder, where their dogs and puppies live in their home to ensure they are happy, healthy, well fed and well socialized.

     responsible breeding program french bulldog breeder blue wonder frenchies

    Why did you choose to become a French Bulldog breeder ?

    I chose to become a French bulldog breeder because I love the breed and I wanted to share and spread my love for the breed by producing beautiful and healthy babies for loving families.

    How do you ensure the health of your puppies ?

    All of my adults dogs that are apart of my breeding program go under a comprehensive physical exam by our veterinarian who is a bulldog specialist.

    If they are in perfect health we complete tests for the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals as well as genetic testing through Animal Genetics.

    What makes your breeding program different than others?

    My breeding program differs from many other programs because providing my dogs a quality fulfilling life outside of a breeding program is one of my top priorities.

    My dogs do not spend their days in a cage. Our Instagram highlights all of their daily adventures of them enjoying a (almost) normal life.

    What advice would you give the future puppy parents ?

    connect with your breeder, get to know them and their breeding practices. Request videos of where the parents live, of the parents interacting with other dogs, request videos of how the puppies live etc.

    Try to request live video if you can. This breed is prone to many problems, do your research and don’t solely seek out a new family member based on price.

    What should a potential French bulldog owner consider about the breed prior to getting a French Bulldog puppy?

    They should consider that this is a very demanding breed in many aspects, do they have time for such a needy breed? Can they provide medical care for a French Bulldog?

    Are they aware of certain ailments in the breed like not being able to go outside for long walks, or not being able to swim? Have they researched BOAS or IVDD?

    These are all important things someone that is considering getting a frenchie and remember, contracts are only as good as the people that sign them.

    If you choose a fly by night breeder, chances are if something happens with your new puppy they aren’t going to be there for you!

    Why did you join the Frenchiestore family and why do you recommend us for future puppy owners?

    I recommend Frenchie Store to all my babies, and use it on all my adults dogs because I have tried every single harness geared towards Frenchies or Brachy Breeds and none of them come close to the quality of the Frenchiestore harnesses.

    The metal clips is one of the most important things I love about frenchie store harnesses, especially for those frenchies who can be very stubborn and love to pull you along not only is there the front D ring to help correct this habit, the metal buckles make me feel confident that my pups isn’t going to break loose of his harness and possibly get into a bad situation.

    I want my babies to start their new life with their new families with every advantage they can, so I start them off with the best so their families don’t have to waste time and money like I did looking for the perfect harness!

    This is it for this Pawsletter. We hope you enjoyed reading or listening to this article and hope you learned something new along the way.

    We create these to educate, and inspire you to be the best French Bulldog owner you can be.  If you want us to write about a particular topic please let us know below.

    Also don't forget to pawscribe to our email list. We always notify our loyal customers and friends with any new Pawsletter, event or announcement.


    8 Responses


    January 11, 2021

    do you know what color a black brendal french bulldog and a blue french bulldog would make? my dad really whats a merle

    Roxanne R Brewer
    Roxanne R Brewer

    January 11, 2021

    Hello my name is Roxanne Brewer and I’m trying to find away to get my son who’s Autistic a French bulldog which is his favorite dog , but I need help cause I’m on a fixed income. I really have been trying to see if they had people that like sponsoring in helping children with disabilities get dogs. You have beautiful dogs and that’s how we raised our dogs when we was younger in the house as children. Please if you can help me help my son that would be great . I’ve been searching for a while. God Bless You and your family . And Merry Christmas toYou All

    Riccardo Pellegrini
    Riccardo Pellegrini

    November 19, 2020

    Grazie siete molto chiari e istruttivi


    November 16, 2020

    Hola, tengo una consulta, tengo una french de 2 años, el en primer celo el veterinario nos dijo que tenía la vulva infantil (como poco desarrollada) y una ovulación silenciosa. En teoría eso no afectaba en que pueda tener camada, en la primer inseminación no quedo. En la segunda se le hizo una piometra al parecer por que era portadora de herlichia , se le hicieron bolsas de pus en el útero, ahora se le volvió a hacer todo completos los estudios , todo dio bien y se la insemino de manera intrauterina, otra vez le provoco una infección, y no saben a que se debe. Me dijeron que puede ser algo genético y que debo reclamar al criadero. A alguien le paso? O saben como puedo proceder?

    Frenchiestore Team
    Frenchiestore Team

    October 26, 2020

    Hi Jessica,

    Thank you for reading and commenting on Frenchiestore blog, your feedback is what makes this blog better and we always want to know what you as readers want to know. We will write a new blog in greater details of breeding the rare colors of French bulldog puppies.

    We hope we can continue giving you valuable information about the Frenchie dog breed.

    - Frenchiestore Team


    October 26, 2020

    I am interested in becoming educated on the colors of the breed and the DO’s and DONT’s. How is Merle produced or Isabella.

    Frenchiestore Team
    Frenchiestore Team

    May 30, 2019

    We’re happy you enjoyed reading Jeanna :)


    May 30, 2019

    Thank you for sharing! This was an awesome read :)

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